In film and TV, a Director’s team is crucial with regards to what the final quality of the production will be like and how the audience will perceive it. The Director is in complete control of who is in their team and how each person does their job. With this in mind, it is essentially the Directors responsibility to maintain a good quality of work and ensure that the criteria is met for the film or TV show that they have been hired for. In most cases there is only one Director who would be in charge of the lighting, the sound, editing, writing, actors and the camera team.
How to become a Cameraman
Becoming a Cameraman has a similar process to lighting and sound, though theatre isn’t an option as there is no need for cameras due to only being shown in front of a live audience. However going to university is still most definitely an option, offering a large variety of courses and routes that could help significantly to get into the industry. As well as this, university is a great way to meet new people which is also a very effective way of being offered a job in the industry. Also, working as an intern or in an apprenticeship will give you a the experience that is needed to get to the position where you can join a camera operating team. Another way to get experience could also be done through becoming a freelance cameraman. Working as a freelance cameraman might not be exactly the same as working in a apprenticeship or on a university course as it is possible that you might need to work at weddings and other formal events, however it will still give the experience that you will need with cameras.
The phrase ‘Cameraman’ is a very vague term in today’s industry as a Cameraman can include many different job roles such as being a camera assistant to Cinematographer. In a camera team there is a hierarchy of job roles, at the bottom being Camera Assistant. A Camera Assistant will help the Operator with any equipment and will ensure that it is all working when needed. Next on the hierarchy is the Cameraman/Operator. The person with this job role will be controlling the camera on set, therefore will have the responsibility of preparing it and making sure it is in the correct position/angle whilst filming. They will have a strict plan of what they are supposed to be recording that will be provided by the Cinematographer. The Cinematographer ensures that what is being shown on screen looks good and is of a high, professional quality. This is crucial when working on a film or TV show.
Famous Cinematographer – Emmanuel Lubezki
Born in Mexico City, Emmanuel Lubezki began his work in the film industry in the later half of 1980’s. This was when he started his first piece of work, an independent film named Twenty Bucks. To this day he has worked on some hugely high budgeted films such as The Revenant, Children of Men, and Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance). These are just a handful of some of the films that have given him the reputation he has today.
‘Auteur’ the French word for Author, is often compared with the Director in the film and TV industry. The auteur theory suggests that the Director of a film or TV show is similar to the Author of a book in the sense that they are in complete control of there work and are held responsible for any problems that may occur in the production process. As a Director, not only is it their job to ensure that everyone (their team) knows exactly what they are doing, but they also have to choose the team who they are going to working with. This can include all aspects such as, sound, lighting, editing, camera, actors, and even the writing of the story. In many cases, the Director would keep the team they had used on the previous production as they would know everyone in the team and that they can work together. If this can’t be done the Director would at least try and replicate it in as many ways as possible.
Lubezki, E. (1964) ‘Emmanuel Lubezki’, in Available at: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0523881/ (Accessed: 13 October 2016).
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2016) ‘Auteur theory | filmmaking’, in Encyclopædia Britannica. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/art/auteur-theory (Accessed: 13 October 2016).