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Harry Bartlam – Film and TV – 16/18

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Unit 2 LO 1.1

The Hallo Project

project-proposal

Final Video

Introduction

The word “hallo” can be very powerful as it is used to express many different feelings and emotions. As well as opening a conversation, the way that it is said will set a tone and atmosphere for the following scene or group of shots. In a normal scenario, it would be extremely important to make sure that the audience knows exactly what is being implied as this will set a good mood for the conversation. This also applies to the Hallo Project. For this project, the criteria is to plan and produce a video showing how the word “hallo” can be powerful and to emphasise the feeling or emotion within a scene. To do this, the only speech that can be used is “hallo”, which will allow us to focus on the techniques we have learnt.

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Week 7: Unit 2 – Editing Research

Introduction

Since the first ever uses of editing in the early 1900’s (Roberts, 2015), the techniques used to convey a story have evolved greatly. Technology is one of the biggest reasons why editing has developed so much as it has advanced to support the creativity of the films and TV shows of today’s world. Another reason for its huge amount of improvement is due to the fact that the expectations from an audience are constantly changing , therefore the final edit must reflect and adapt to the new criteria. 

In this post I am going to be researching different editing techniques that are used in current films and TV shows and analyse why they have been used/what effect they create. I plan on using my own experiences in editing and information found online to help with my research. As well as this I am going to be watching videos that will comprehensively explain that technique and show how they can be used to your advantage in a sequence of footage.

Research

For me, the main focus of this task was the use of cuts and transitions and how they could be used effectively. With this in mind I found a video explaining many different kinds of cuts and transitions in great detail. This was a great starting point in my research as it gave me an in depth explanation behind each technique.

(RocketJump Film School, 2016)

Match on action

Match on action (cutting on action) is a technique that is used to help keep a sequence flow with less visible cuts. It can be done by cutting from one shot to another whilst the main subject is in action. For the technique to work well, the movement must be clear so the viewers can see that the movement is a continuation from one shot to the other. This will help the the audience distinguish the action in each shot as one movement. The main concept behind this technique is that the action should start the in the first shot and should end in the second shot, though there are many examples of this technique that have more then two shots per action. This method is mainly used to give the audience more than one view of the action, although it can be used to emphasise and create tension.

Cutaway

The cutaway technique is used mainly for one of two reasons. As the name suggests this technique involves a cut from one shot to another and then a cut back to the first shot. It can be used to show something that might be happening outside of shot, possibly to help give a sense of location or awareness. Alternatively the cutaway technique could be used to show someones thoughts or feelings. This is particularly effective if carried out properly. For example the director could show that a character is scared by showing a quick glimpse at what the character is scared by.

Cross cut

Cross cutting is a technique that is widely used in film and TV shows. It is mainly used to show a phone conversation, although it is effectively just several cuts between two different situations. This can be used to create many different effects such as increasing the tension, or excitement within a scene. The cross cut technique is one the most difficult methods to execute as it requires you to have footage from two different situations which means that there is significantly more planning involved. However it is a great way to make an average, boring scene more interesting to watch.

Jump cut

The jump cut is fairly different from the other transitions I have researched so far. This is because it can be used to show an amount of time passing between shots. Therefore it is often used for montages to fill in any gaps between speech etc. As well as this, the jump cut can be used to engage the audience into the scene. For example, jump cuts are usually very unpredictable and sometimes aren’t even noticed the first time seen so it can be a very effective method to grab the audiences attention. This means that it is often used to emphasise a certain point.

Smash Cut

A smash cut is a technique that isn’t used so often in film and TV though it is still very effective if done properly. The smash cut is the transition between two very different shots. It is used mainly to emphasise a point or grab the audiences attention as it is a very abrupt transition. A good example of this is someone waking up from an intense dream.Out of the many different types of transitions between shots this is one of my favourite as it can be used to completely change the situation and feel of the scene.

Invisible Cut

The invisible cut is used to trick the audience into thinking that the two separate shots are the same take. This can be done in a number of different ways. One of the main techniques to use the transition is by cutting into movement, so as an action starts in the shot, a cut would be made onto the next shot. Or the camera could be aligned with the movement in the shot. For example someone could be running from one side of the shot to the other, whilst the camera is tracking the movement there would be a cut.

Here is a video with a huge amount of invisible cuts and tacking shots.

(Leonardo Dalessandri, 2014)

L and J cut

These cuts rely on audio for them to work properly. Effectively, both the L and J cuts use audio to guide the audience between each shot, making the transition seem smoother. The L cut is when the audio from the first shot is carried over to the second shot, mainly used to improve the flow of a sequence with background and ambient noise etc. However a J cut is implemented by having the audio of the second shot start before the video footage does. This can be a great method of changing the situation within the scene.

My experience with cuts and transitions

Here is a video that was edited during class using Avid Media Composer. The video consists of a selection of footage showing different men surfing. Also there is music in the background to go with the theme of the video. Our task was just to simply use the footage and music and edit the two together. During this process I used some different techniques to help the sequence flow better. Though it is very basic I implemented many fades and dissolves which I thought worked quite well as it helps the transitions seem smoother. I also used speed to help the transitions seem less visible, though I think this would have worked better if I had spent more time analysing how that technique can be done to a good quality.

Conclusion

Researching editing techniques has been very interesting for me as I feel that it is something that I could have improved on and would benefit by knowing more about it. Through my findings I have noticed that a lot of planning goes into how cuts and transitions are used both on and off set. This means that it is crucial to know why these different techniques would be used and how they can be executed effectively.

Bibliography:

balseraph (no date) Match on action. Available at: http://everything2.com/title/match+on+action (Accessed: 19 November 2016).

Leonardo Dalessandri (2014) Watchtower of turkey. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7yqtW4Isec (Accessed: 20 November 2016).

Moura, G. (2014) ‘Elements of cinema’, Elements of Cinema, 1 July. Available at: http://www.elementsofcinema.com/editing/parallel-editing/ (Accessed: 19 November 2016).

Roberts, B. (2015) The evolution of film editing. Available at: https://blogs.adobe.com/conversations/2015/02/the-evolution-of-film-editing.html (Accessed: 19 November 2016).

RocketJump Film School (2016) Cuts & transitions 101. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OAH0MoAv2CI&t=76s (Accessed: 19 November 2016).

Week 5/6: Unit 2 – Production Research

Introduction

Planning for a TV or film production is very important and will make the difference between having a positive or negative result. For big productions, films in particular can take a matter of months if not years to create a good story and script which is a crucial foundation for a high quality film or TV show. The reason why having a plan is so important is because it allows everyone to know what is happening and what their jobs are. Also a plan can be used to develop ideas and evaluate whether an idea is suitable/feasible or not which must be considered to ensure a good quality of work. For this task I plan on finding out exactly how much preparation goes into a high budget production. I will use my findings to help gain more knowledge and awareness of what happens during the pre production process.

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Week 4: Unit 2 – Research Investigation – Camera

Introduction

Since the creation of the first ever camera, there have been many new types that have not only helped develop the film and TV industry but also the world. In the current day, there are cameras that have been made to cater for almost every single situation, solving many problems. Particularly, the film and TV industry was non existent before the introduction of the first ever camera and is now one of the biggest industries in the world. Therefore without the creation of the camera, the world would not be the same. This means that it could be arguably one of the most influential inventions in (roughly) the last 200 years.

For this task I plan to look at how the first ever camera was different from the ones that are used in today’s world and to research what the future may hold in terms of how the technology may progress and develop.

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Week 3 : Unit 2 – Research Planning and Foley Sound

Introduction

Foley sound is added to film and TV shows to make them seem more realistic and to attain certain effects and intentions. It can be used for a number of different reasons such as making a situation seem funny and to add a comedic effect, or it can be used to add suspense. Almost any emotion can be emphasised by the use of foley sound which is why it is a technique that is used in all aspects of media. Although used to change the feel of a shot, the main focus of this technique is to ensure that what is being shown sounds realistic and isn’t a distraction to the audience. As foley sound is used in all films and TV shows there are many iconic examples that have changed the way foley is used in many different productions.

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Week 2 : Unit 2 – Research Planning and Lighting

Introduction

Lighting is one of the most important aspects for a good shot in the media and film industry. There are many different factors that can have an effect on how a shot is displayed to an audience and the quality of it. In my opinion it is most important to have the knowledge on how to place the lights in the best position and how they can be used most effectively.

For this task I am going to be researching the physical aspects of lighting. This will include searching where lights are best positioned in a particular scenario/situation and how they can be used to the best quality.

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Week 1 : Unit 2 – Research Planning

Planning and Researching

When given a project to work on in the film and media sector it is very important to have a good plan and a significant amount of research. This is because these factors are the foundation for the final product and without good preparation it is extremely difficult to execute a good quality of work. To research and prepare to the sufficient standard, it is crucial that you research thoroughly and know about every single aspect of your work. This can include the cultural background of the story to the target audience of the work. Also when planning it is important to be realistic as targets that are out of your reach are not ideal and will waste your time.

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